Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure Hellenes and Phrygians into conflict drew, And brought to pass deaths, so to lighten earth's arrogant over-increase of her mortals.

Name Euripides
Life485 - 406 BC
One of the most terrifyingly base acts a Greek adrenalinomaniac ever committed - a Greek version of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac - was Agamemnon's offering of Iphigenia to Artemis . In order to get fair wind towards the Phrygians in Troy, for his Hellenes, Agamemnon was willing to let his own daughter die. This story has been retold many a time. Euripides used it to warn mankind against "hubris", too much arrogance, always punishable by the Gods. Isn't there an element of "Catch 22" in this story. If the Gods first demanded that sacrifice, how could they punish it later? And why? Perhaps, because Agamemnon shouldn't have gone to Troy at all? Perhaps he shouldn't have been so eager for a fair wind? Or is this, perhaps, an early, symbolic example of population control? Euripides is the first, so far as I know, to suggest that warfare is caused by a "population explosion". And that, when mankind was only at the 100 million level! His warning against hubris might now be translated into a warning against unrestricted economic growth. Perhaps Euripides today would say: "Don't ask the gods, or nature, for more economic progress! It will be punished!" Remember Pyrrus. Like all generals, he also wanted to win. He did so in an important battle around 280 B.C. But when he looked at the result, he became famous for saying: "Another victory of that sort and I am ruined". Is it really wise of us today to sacrifice, like Agamemnon, one bit more of nature to get one more million dollars? Would it be wiser, like Pyrrhus, to suspect: "Another 'progress' and we'll be ruined?" Or, even, "Another world war, and we'll be dead." Would such an outcome then be, as Euripides suggested, the result of too many people on a restricted globe? Some figures are a bit scary. As hunters and gatherers, it has been calculated, we could have kept the equilibrium with nature, had we restrained our numbers to some ten million individuals on the whole earth. In the late 1500's, when the great Italian thinker, Giovanni Botero, warned that man's "virtus generativa" soon would surpass his "virtus nutritiva", we were 450 millions on the globe. When Thomas Malthus, in 1798, put some mathematics to Botero's warning, we had doubled to some 900 million individuals. Now, in the year 2000, we are six billion, 60 times as many as when Euripides issued his warning, 600 times as many as we could be without culture. This growth is, to say the least, miraculous! You have all seen a magician showing his very empty hat, out of which he draws a white rabbit. This is an elegant trick. But assume that, out of his one empty hat, he had produced 600 white rabbits! Wouldn't that be a miracle? This is what mankind has done with the help of culture. Out of "natural nature", the one existing before agriculture, with space for about ten million hunter-gatherers, we have created the possibility for 600 times as many humans to live. This is, indeed, another miracle of life, the "miracle of culture". But, take heed! In only 200 years of industrial growth - a very short time in human history - we have grown by more than six times as many as we did in the 2,200 years between Euripides and Malthus. Our ability, so far, to feed such a huge population increase is a great victory of mankind over nature. By sacrificing bit by bit of it, we have, during the last 200 years gotten a very fair "economic wind". Now, however, nature is starting to fight back. Shouldn't allergies, noise, pollution, water shortages, unusual storms, change of the climate, UV-radiation, and too much stress insid and outside our bodies warn us not to continue our population and consumption explosions. If we do, the question is hardly "if", but "when" the Gods will punish our hubris by ruining the natural basis for human
life! We were driven to advance our empire to its present state, influenced chiefly by fear, then by honor also, and lastly by self-interest as well. Thucydides, c. 460-c. 399. Why does mankind continue to struggle, to fight, to engage in warfare and endless competition when we know of the horrors, when our bellys are more than full? The answer to that question still lies in darkness. One of the world's best experts on war, Donald Kagan, for instance, recently said that we today have no better explanation than that of Thykydides, the general and author of The Peloponnesian War, a war between Athens and Sparta from 431 to 404 B.C. The three root causes of conflict and warfare were, for Thukydides, "honor, fear, and interest". That may be so. But we must ask a deeper question yet. Why has mankind been afraid all through history? Why did we, for instance, for centuries fight stupid duels to defend our honor, just because somebody threw a glove on the floor in front of us? And why are we never satisfied with our wealth, however rich we get, but continue to fight for more? Fear is certainly justified. In the Jewish Torah, Deuteronomy 20:16, Moses tells his soldiers to annihilate all Canaanites and "let nothing that breathes remain alive". After another 2.500 years of carnage, we get the same message of annihilation in the Germanic Iliad, Beowolf: "the flying scourge did not mean to leave one living thing". We thus have a very long historical tradition of justified fear, leading up to the even more fearful crimes of Leopold II in Congo, Stalin in Russia, Hitler in Germany, Idi Amin in Uganda and Mao in China. From the evolutionary theory of Darwin, we now even have reason to believe that this human behavior, found everywhere, is an animal inheritance with its base deep down in our genes. If so, this is what we now, in the age of atomic weapons, must learn to control. Perhaps the highly justified fear of death has created a biological basic need in us for being Number One, equally strong as that for food and sex. Perhaps it has been so, in our long history, that being Number One, Cain instead of Abel, was a precondition for food and sex and reproductive success. Perhaps we have an innate need for power, for fratricide, for being Number One, for having the greatest honor. That can be argued. I have done so elsewhere. If that is the case, mankind is in for trouble. Because when our sexual needs lead to a population increase, we will need more land to satisfy our need for food. As Euripides warned us, many small societies will be united by warfare into the few big ones that still exist. Integration means that the number of niches for Number Ones will diminish while at the same time the number of ambitious men who strongly desire to fill them will grow. This is a contradiction that should help us understand why economic progress not only never satisfies the basic needs of mankind, but even intensifies the frustration of the basic needs of power, of being Number One. Cannot such a contradiction also help us to understand why we continue to struggle, to fight, to engage in warfare and endless competition, when we know of the horrors, when our bellies are more than full?


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