Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects which exists by nature, and that man is by nature a political animal.....

Name Aristotle
Life384 - 322 BC
Aristotle was a wise philosopher, as close as any to power. He was the teacher of Alexander the Great, the first world conqueror. But no philosopher could restrain the appetite of this imperialist who, at one occasion, sold 30,000 survivors into slavery and crucified 2,000 men of military age. Too much for Alexander's patience, they had defended their home city, Tyre. This, possibly, can be taken as an ideal example of the real influence of philosophers and professors on serious politics. Aristotle, however, was a much more realistic man than Plato. He didn't speculate about any ideal world. He tried to gain knowledge by looking at the world as it is, by so-called "empirical knowledge". He collected all the constitutions he could from neighboring states around Athens and Macedonia. From such materials he tried to draw some conclusions. What he found was that, unlike what we love to think about our Western democracy, there was never one ideal constitution, eternally valid for all civilizations. On the contrary, he found some kind of eternal circulation between different forms of political ruling systems. Why? Essentially because all of them tended to go to extremes. "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely," said a wise Englishman, Lord Acton, who surely had read Aristotle's Politics. He added: "Great men are almost always bad men." Monarchy tends towards tyranny,
which, going too far, stimulates a democratic revolution from below, ending in mob rule or in plutocracy. The rule of aristocracy, "aristos" meaning "the best", would be best, said "Aristo"-tle, because those who are born rich and of noble families are less tempted by corruption. Wise as he was, he realized, however, that the power struggle would not permit such a good solution for long. Circulation would come back and bring something else and worse. Why is it so? Why has society, for 2,300 years after Aristotle, continued this struggle for power and this circulation of various forms of more or less good or evil governments? Aristotle gave us, in the quote chosen, the answer. Man is not God-like, not a creator with free will, as the oriental priests told us. Because we, too, are animals, politics is as it is. Because we, too, like horses or ants, have a biologically highly determined nature, giving us a highly pre-set social behavior. Because we, too, are bound by the laws of evolution, forced to struggle for our survival at the margin, when each generation wants to feed more children than the past ones. Evidently, in our animal nature, struggle for power is laid down, leading us to an eternal circulation of governments. Can we, today, really be sure that our Western democracies are stable? May they not, once more, slowly turn into oligarchies or plutocracies or, even, into tyrannies? Are we quite sure that we are not, by exaggerating our freedom, on the slippery slope towards something less comfortable?


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