Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.

NameJohn Locke
Life1632 - 1704
Man will continue to compete with man. Historically, to win, he has needed ever bigger armies with physically strong soldiers. Over time, he has needed to equip them with better weapons than has the enemy. Invention of better arms requires mentally skilled "laboratory soldiers". The crude physical battles of Achilles, Alexander and Napoleon are turning into mental battles for the control of the earth from space. Mental work and inventiveness require freedom. Physical toil can be forced with whips, shouts, and shots on deserters. Rulers cannot force reluctant people to think for them, to utilize their brains and their knowledge to the maximum, without giving them freedom. That is why Albert Einstein left Germany for the United States and why the Soviet Union lost the Cold War. Competition is biologically determined. A competitive arms race is the essence of both biological and cultural evolution. That it will go from crude physical, towards refined mental competition, demanding freedom, is equally determined. From which the paradox follows that also freedom is also determined ! The United States of America has become the world's only Superpower. Why? Because, I would suggest, it has permitted the maximum of freedom that is compatible with some social order. Because it has adopted the teaching of John Locke, the first serious democratic philosopher, trusting more in empirical knowledge than in metaphysical thinking. "I think, thus I am." Compare Descartes to Locke's "...fence against the world...thorough knowledge...". What a difference! Contrast Locke's British, global, objective outlook against the French's subjective, egocentric focus upon the vain little "I". Twice, in five words!! Knowledge is a result of mental freedom
of two kinds. You don't get it without freedom from oppressive kings who, like Plato, usually are afraid of free thinkers. Neither do you get it without freedom from religious or political dogmata which - like Marxist KGB-Inquisitions - already possess all truth and knowledge and only demand repetition of inane phrases. Locke also says "...fence against the world". What is that? Locke knew what he spoke about. For a time he lived in exile. Knowledge was the best defense against evil. He had personally experienced this. But his saying has a much wider significance. Knowledge, free scientific thinking, has not only provided mankind with its weapons; it has also resulted in life-giving, productivity-raising technical instruments, giving mankind its life. When Locke wrote, (his two best books were both published in 1690), we were around 600 million inhabitants in the world. Now we are ten times as many. It can surely be said that nine out of ten of those, who now live, including me and you, live thanks to free knowledge. What is more, not only do we have the food, clothing and houses necessary for survival, we also have more individual freedom than ever in history. Those who take Locke seriously see that freedom as a "human right" that should be given to everybody. Much surely remains to be done! But in a virtuous circle, Locke's knowledge requires freedom and gives ever increasing freedom to mankind against the evil forces of the world, against a niggardly nature and against Machiavellian oppressive Princes. As freedom is determined, we are, in the long run, even justified in hoping that knowledge may give decent "human rights" to all, including the poorest and weakest of our global fellow-men.


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