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Preface
Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;
APPENDIX
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He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob must day by day strive with the greatest anxiety, act and scheme in order to retain his reputation. For the mob is varied and inconstant, and therefore if a reputation is not carefully preserved it dies quickly.

NameBenedict (Baruch) Spinoza
Life1632 - 1677
CountryHolland
CategoryRealism
Wikipedia>>
Freedom for whom? Spinoza points to a weakness of Locke's democracy. The relation between the thinking individual and the emotional masses has a long history. Socrates had to drink hemlock. Jesus was crucified. Giordano Bruno, whom Spinoza had carefully studied, was burned at the stake. Spinoza himself was a most acute observer of his corrupted time. For that, he was mentally crucified. As he had questioned the conventional wisdom of his group, the leaders of the Jewish community in Amsterdam, on July 27th, 1656, gave the following command to its members: that "nobody shall have oral or written communications with him, that nobody shall help him, that nobody may come closer to him than four steps and that nobody may read anything published by him." This was the sentence of a so-called elite. One is reminded of the famous statement in chapter XVIII of Machiavelli's Il Principe, that, "in the world there is nothing but the mob". What were the dangerous thoughts for which Spinoza suffered excommunication from his group? You'll find them in his famous Ethica, Ordine Geometrico demonstrata, published after his death in 1677, and Treatise on Political Theology, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, which was published - anonymously, of course - in 1670. The governors of the State, Spinoza said, are not omnipotent and God-like. The State does not exist for the rich and powerful. The State exists to provide justice, wisdom and tolerance for its many citizens. He defends liberty of thought and speech. He advocates
a separation between philosophy and religion, abhorrent to believers of the Torah or the Koran. He defended the natural rights school or, as we would say today, the "human rights" of all individuals against any ruling mob of any State. For this he was hounded. Don't we need to still to be reminded of Spinoza's penetrating insights? Is it not more valuable than ever in a society where "the opinion of the mob" has been taken over by the manipulated and manipulating God of mass media? In which life's meaning is to be seen for fifteen minutes. More often than we do, we should perhaps look not only at the strength, but also at the weakness of our democracies. The few who carefully observe, think and judge for themselves now tend to withdraw from the vulgar sex-and-violence-dominated public debate. Those who are seen in the media believe they matter greatly when, in fact, they are manipulated by the few who are not seen but who own the media and thereby can appoint those who decide who will be seen in the media. Even the owners form, as Machiavelli pointed out, a mob. They are mainly interested in publicity for selling their new gadgets or the "right" political opinions. They also scrutinize political candidates and provide them with the money and publicity necessary to win elections. In the mass media society, those who are seen as democratic rulers "must day by day strive with the greatest anxiety, act and scheme in order to retain"...the electoral favor of "the mob". Those who are not much seen are the powerful owners behind the screen. Those who dare to question that mob's wisdom are regularly treated by the media like Spinoza was in 1656.
 

 
 


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