Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of ferocity, avarice, and ambition, the three vices which run throughout the human race, it creates the military, merchant, and governing classes, and thus the strength, riches, and wisdom of commonwealths. Out of these three great vices, which could certainly destroy all mankind on the face of the earth, it makes civil happiness. We observe that all nations...keep these three human customs: all have some religion, all contract solemn marriages, all bury their dead.

NameGiambattista Vico
Life1668 - 1744
However good and however useful freedom may be, it can never be unlimited. Like a wild horse must be bridled before it can be useful, man's ferocity, avarice and ambition must be somewhat curbed. One of the wisest ideas of Western civilization is that society must be ruled by law. A law, moreover, which everybody must obey - the strong, the rich and the powerful, even the kings and princes. Laws are useful, but they cannot change society in any direction. They must conform to human nature. How do we know what that is? By observing our history, Vico said, far back and widely over the globe. In doing so, what did Vico see? He found, always and everywhere, some religion, solemn marriages and burial of the dead. Man has a deep, spontaneous religious urge. We long to know from where we came, to where we are going, and why. The answers vary. "Varieties of religious experience" is William James's title of a classic study in the field. Most societies have thus been "polytheistic", that is, they have had many different Gods, like the Greeks. Tiberius, for instance, built his dozen palaces on Capri in the honor of the twelve major Roman Gods. Freud has told us that human culture to a large extent is the problem of reigning in the wild promiscuous nature of our
sexuality. In order to protect our children, unable to take care of themselves for several years after birth, a mother needs the help of a father. To curb man's desire for other women, civilized mankind has enacted marriages in which the two partners promise to love each other, in health and joy as well as in sickness and poverty. To strengthen that bond, marriages have been made "solemn", as they indeed should be, by religious rituals. The choice of a wife or a husband is, by far, the most important act in the life of a human being! Vico also found a third custom: all people bury their dead and this, too, with religious rites. The place where the dead are buried is holy for the members of the family; they want to own it. This may be the origin of private ownership, on which Vico placed much importance for the progress of society. In the past century, we experienced a teaching that spit upon religion, urged free love, looked upon dead bodies as a hygienic problem of waste disposal, and made private property a crime. It is, indeed, instructive that all societies which were ruled by that teaching have declined into murderous and uncivilized tyrannies, confirming not only Vico's insights, but also Dostoyevsky's idea that "if God is dead, all is permitted." The big city close to Capri, Naples, with a history as long as that of Rome, has given mankind at least three truly great philosophers: St. Thomas of medieval times, Benedetto Croce in the 20th century, and Vico. That all civilized societies, like Naples, are built upon good laws, supporting religion, solemn marriages and respect for life, for death and for private property, that is the wise, conservative insight of Naples' Giambattista Vico.


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