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Preface
Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;
APPENDIX
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to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain EUTOPIA seated in the Brain. Fraud, Luxury and Pride must live, While we the Benefits receive: Hunger's a dreadful Plague, no doubt, Yet who digests or thrives without?"

NameBernhard Mandeville
Life1670 - 1733
CountryHolland-England
CategoryRealism
Wikipedia>>
Will the poor find work and bread if the rich stop luxury living? Vico, who now is said to be "the father of the philosophy of history", was rather neglected by his contemporaries. His idea, that the three vices of "ferocity, avarice and ambition" could be turned into "civil happiness" was not widely appreciated. Bernhard Mandeville, born two years after Vico and who had similar ideas about avarice, became the most hated author in England at the beginning of the 18th century. He went one step ahead of Vico. He went against all established moral opinions. He said that evil avarice could not only be turned into good, but that niggardly savings was positively bad for society. What is good? What is evil? That question never leaves us. In 1705 Mandeville published his famous Fable of the Bees. In that, he "set forth the appalling plight of a prosperous community in which all the citizens suddenly take it into their heads to abandon luxurious living, and the State to cut down armaments, in the interest of Saving." Simple living was, as we have seen, the ideal of Lucretius, and frugality, self-denial and asceticism that of a good Christian. Here now comes a man who says such virtues are bad and that what is really good for society is the vice of wasteful luxury living, creating employment and income for the "multitude". Today this is called "demand management" and is an established dogma of conventional economics. It wasn't, however, when Mandeville
started to preach it in 1705. However crucified he became by the mass media of that time, he didn't give up but extended his idea into a two-volume treatise. Something much more important is at stake here: our basic outlook on help and generosity towards the poor. The prophet Amos, around 750 B.C., was the first vocal voice to condemn the rich who "buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes." The moral duty of a rich man, standing in front of a starving one, is to help. What is true for an individual relation is, however, not necessarily true for social relations. Too little hunger may remove the willingness of the poor to work hard for the rich and stimulate laziness and irresponsibility. As was shown in the note on Locke, mankind increased tenfold since Mandeville published his obnoxious poem. If we think human life - your life and mine - to be our highest value, this is an enormous progress. We surely live thanks to the many life-giving technical and organizational inventions since that time. But how did we get them? By stimulating the free inventive engineers and capitalists! How did we stimulate them? By giving them plenty of that which most men want: wealth, power and status, that is, Pride. Had we not given them these possibilities to live a life in terrificly wasteful luxury - behind the envy much admired also by the multitude - why should they have made the efforts to invent new instruments or to risk their money in new and often uncertain enterprises? The hateful truth is almost certainly that Amos was wrong and that the poor in the world still live, not in spite of, but thanks to the free luxury striving of the rich! As Mandeville said!
 

 
 


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