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Preface
Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;
APPENDIX
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All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.

NameM. de Voltaire
Life1694 - 1778
CountryFrance
CategoryIdealism
Wikipedia>>
Man is a fallen creature with original sin. In man's condition, happiness is nothing natural. It is a gift from God. So are misfortunes just punishments for breaking the covenant or the ten commandments, for man's sinful sexual desires and his greedy avarice. Candide,Voltaire's masterpiece of ridicule of this Jewish-Christian attitude, was directed against Leibniz's attempts to harmonize a resigned self with the visible horrors of the world. This German, deeply religious philosopher, after much contemplation of evil's dominance in the world, had come to the conclusion that we, in spite of all, live in "the best of possible worlds". As is quite normal in the intellectual wars, Voltaire played with words. "Possible" is ambivalent; it can carry your thoughts in two directions. We live in the best of all possible worlds, as reality now is given to us. This is an analytical statement. Or we live in the best of all possible worlds that we can imagine, which would be a normative statement of value. Of course, Leibniz, too, would like to live in a world with less misery! Why this dishonesty of Voltaire? Because below the linguistic play lies a much deeper question, that of man's free will, in which Voltaire wanted to believe, or a deterministic outlook as destiny largely given by God or nature, as Leibniz thought. Is the world in which we live the best man can create? Voltaire, who evidently was a strong adrenalinomaniac with great power ambitions, said "Yes!" Leibniz, more timid and withdrawn,
doubted we could do much. He tended to say "No!", perhaps thinking of the French dictum that "the more it changes, the more it remains the same thing". Voltaire put much of the blame for the evils of life on the Church which, he thought, kept man down in resignation in the face of curable evil. "Écrasez l'infame", he wrote, not in his books but, fearful of the censors, in his letters. Voltaire is, on this point, the grandfather of the communists. What Voltaire only dared whisper in his letters, they shouted at the top of their voices. In practice, they literally followed his advice. To crush religion, for instance, the communists tore down the famous "Cathedral of Christ the Saviour" in Moscow and used the place for a public bath. Now, following the truths of Vico, it has been rebuilt. It is one sign of victory of civilization's attempts to come back to Russia. Today the misfortunes of men and women seem to remain. We are richer. In peaceful times we may even be a grain more satisfied, even "happier". But, still, the French Revolution came one year after Voltaire died. And no century has been so murderous as the 20th, 200 years after Voltaire. Why? Is it possible that the behavior leading to our unhappiness lies not in religion, but in a high degree of biological determination? Not in a God, but in Genes? Did Leibniz possibly have a deeper insight into man's biological nature? Was Voltaire mainly an hubristic manifestation of the huge vanity and the strong will to power innate in that nature?
 

 
 


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