Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.

NameImmanuel Kant
Life1724 - 1804
The struggle between idealism and realism, between Moses and Thales, continues until this day. Sometimes the struggle takes place within ourselves, tearing our non-existing souls into pieces. Immanuel Kant is an excellent example of such an internal struggle. He was the leading Enlightenment moral philosopher in that bunch of small principalities that now is Germany. Kant well knew human nature: no straight timber here! He said "crooked". He surely meant "wicked"! Kant knew that history and nature had an objective way of their own. By almost deterministic necessity, the logic of it often carried that timber to the fire and caused terrible wars, revolutions and untold human misfortunes. Kant's realistic view of mankind is well expressed in the quote above. Even more well-known, however, is Kant's idealistic "imperative" to the thinking individual: You should never act otherwise, he told them, "than so that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law". Sounds fine, doesn't it! Like Kant, I devote most of my day to reading, writing and walking. That, indeed, should become a "universal law", shouldn't it? All peasants should immediately stop doing the dirty work on the land. And bakers, leave your dough and grab a book instead! From where would Kant then get his daily bread? There are no universal laws for crooked
timber! They need crooked maxims! Why then does the ambivalent Kant suggest such a universal law? If moral philosophers have enough "juices", they too, I think, have a tendency to become adrenalinomaniac dictators. While they do not force people to obey them with outward violence, they want to bind the masses with inward moral chains, getting them to voluntary prostrate themselves in front of the great God-like thinker. The monotheistic urge for power can be found in professors as well as in politicians. It is a most tempting idea. But, do remember, the Greeks called it hubris! The monotheistic idea of power, One God whom everybody should worship, was originally proclaimed by an Egyptian pharaoh Aechnaton. There it had been copied by Jewish prophets. Later it was taken over by both Christians and Moslems. Now we find it everywhere. Petty academic quarrels about moral maxims, of for instance the utilitarian or Kantian sort, are, at bottom, closely related to globally threatening conflicts between the rich Christian part of the world and the poor, fundamentalist Moslems, both wishing all would worship their One God or Allah. Both sides - to almost any quarrel - are convinced that their moral maxim is the one that should be raised into the universal law. Given man's - and my own - crooked nature, the only maxim I might like to raise into a universal, but polytheistic, law is a proverb, said to be coined by the tolerant Dutch, protectors of much human folly: Live, and let live!


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