Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire of chance, as from that of its enemies of progress, and marching with firm and sure steps on the road of truth, virtue and happiness..."

NameMarquis de Condorcet
Life1743 - 1794
Central to this fabulous optimism of Condorcet was his firm belief in man's "free will" and his hate of all thoughts of any "determinism" for man. Écrasez l'infame, Condorcet had internalized Voltaire's wish to crush religion. In getting rid of a God, who for ages had kept men in religious fetters, Condorcet came to believe that man was free of all fetters. In throwing off all metaphysical beliefs in Gods, Destiny or Nornes, man's "free will" was totally unbound. He was free to create the perfect, good and just society. It is a bit ironic that Condorcet himself drowned in the first wave of modern chasing after that strong wind, called freedom! For 200 years many a "modern" man has lived with this intoxicating idea that when you get rid of religion, there are no restrictions left upon man's "free will". It is a very dangerous idea! God can be understood as a summary name for all of Nature. Human Nature can be understood as a summary name for those perhaps 140,000 genes in which our inheritance is given to us at birth. This mainly animal nature forces us unconsciously to repeat a behavior that results in gaps between rich and poor, in spiteful arrogance in the rich and in revolutionary envy in the poor. Open-minded men, such as Heraclitus and the Greek tragedians, have long observed the regularities in history. They explained them with Gods or Destiny. We should observe that these regularities have remained, even after Voltaire and Condorcet. Who dares deny the existence of huge gaps in power and wealth, of arrogance and envy, of revolutions and wars, also after 1794! "The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
but in ourselves, that we are underlings", said Shakespeare 200 years before Condorcet. Cassius and Condorcet shared the belief - beloved by the young - that if we only could rise from "underlings" under Stars and Gods, we could ourselves become omnipotent Masters of our own destiny, shaping it after our own "free will". Now, genetic research is giving us new fetters. It is hinting that our animal inheritance may be equally strong as any metaphysical powers. Do genes replace Gods in determining our destinies? Do genes pre-determine new waves of arrogance and envy, exploding into new revolutions and wars? That is a rather important question for man's future! And yet, almost everybody hates that formulation of it. Almost everybody shares Condorcet's dislike of determinism, be it from Gods or genes. Why? Because many of us dream of becoming heroes, even Saviors of some sort. Because none of us want to give up the hope that we so may become! The poor, in goods or intelligence, want to keep their hope that one day, perhaps after death, they, too, will become rich and powerful. If you tell them that there are biological rules that make all mammals, including man, live in hierarchical societies - which is the case - and that the probability is high that they will stay at the bottom, you rob them of hope and they hate you. The rich, in wealth, power or intelligence, love to believe that they have come to the top thanks to their own hard work and "free will". If you tell them that they were born with strong genes for energy, ambition and intelligence, along with a genetic spirit of "courage", today given the name of "entrepreneurship", and that these genes have pre-determined their success in life, you rob them of their right to praise and honour, and they, too, hate you. From the bottom to the top, they all shout ecrasez l'infame, crush any idea of hateful determinism robbing us of our "free will". Also the new biological one! And yet, the regularities seem to remain! Why?


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