Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefit of the future: The present attempt does not dare such a high office: it will only tell, how it really was.

NameLeopold von Ranke
Life1795 - 1886
"Wie es eigentlich gewesen". Historians of quality, in all nations, know this phrase in German. When we fail in our endeavors, when "the law on unintended consequences" is stronger than we, we often don't want to know "how it really was". The more we fail, the less we want to know it. In olden time, messengers bearing news of defeat were often killed. The most widely spread ideology of the past two centuries has been tested in reality on one third of humanity. It failed so tragically that its many friends, still seduced by Amos's simple-mindedness, hate to know "how it really was". Leopold von Ranke pleaded for "objective" studies of history. To avoid true knowledge of what has happened, any pretense to "objectivity" has long been the target of much bespattering by leftist political philosophers in the West. There is only subjectivity, they say. Truth is exclusively in the eye of the beholder. Everybody is biased. Each author should be "deconstructed" to get to know what he really said and meant. Because, this school claims, the author himself didn't know it! Much nonsense has been written in this vein. Ranke surely knew how difficult it was to reach a fully objective knowledge, and even more so, how difficult it was to express it! The fact that the world is complicated, sometimes extremely so, does not mean, however, that objective facts do not exist. On the contrary, the complexity demands an even more intensive striving to understand, explain and present it in as objective a manner as possible. Even more complex becomes our world if we follow Ranke's ideal, inspired by his reading of Guiccardini's Historia d'Italia, that all history should be universal
history. On any small spot, influences come from anywhere and a serious observer must take a global view. That surely makes objectivity more difficult, but in no way diminish it as an ideal. Objective facts do exist. When five million Africans were worked to death to enrich the rubber-hungry Leopold II, that is an objective fact. So it is when a number of millions Jews are gassed, or dozens of millions of "capitalists", sometimes defined as owners of two cows, are executed or worked to death in slave camps. If such things happen in all nations where a certain ideology is given rule, it is also an objective fact. The presentation of these facts can certainly be more or less biased, discussing variations in quantitative figures, or putting the blame unequally hard on various groups or facts. But each one of the millions of dead individuals remains a fact! The same is true for the approximately 75 million new lives, more than the entire population of Italy, with which mankind increases every single year. This is also an objective fact. If we like our own lives, this should be seen as a very positive fact. You and I may live, thanks to it. Distributing praise for this flow of human life is difficult without some bias or subjective slant. I might have some of that myself, in constantly repeating, along with Heraclitus, Machiavelli, Mandeville and Smith, that newborns are permitted to live not in spite of, but thanks to the ruthless competition for luxury living among the rich. My personal conviction is, however, that this is as close to Ranke's objectivity that we may come.


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