Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life, or more difficult - at least I have found it so - than constantly to bear this conclusion in mind. Yet unless it be thoroughly engrained in the mind, the whole economy of nature, with every fact on distribution, rarity, abundance, extinction, and variation, will be dimly seen or quite misunderstood.

NameCharles Darwin
Life1809 - 1882
This is the shocking truth of Darwin's The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. For "knowing ourselves", Darwin is arguably the most important philosopher in human history. People exist, and they are not few, who say that modern, realistic men should start to count a new time from the publication of this book in 1859. One of the major faults of today's media debate, mentioned already in the context of Heraclitus, is that the difference between analytical and normative statements is blurred. Whoever said you like the analytical truth you find? Darwin evidently didn't like his: "at least I have found it so". Especially the intellectuals, who should be able to make this distinction, permit themselves to be intoxicated by ideas. So much so that an honest observer puts much of the blame for 170 million murdered fellowmen on such intoxicated intellectuals. Many are still so intoxicated of beautiful Marxist dreams of a future socialist equality that they blindly refuse even to discuss the analytical importance of Darwin's evolutionary theory for man. Darwin can be seen as a modern Heraclitus. He says "natural selection" or "struggle for existence" where the old Greek would have said polemos, war. Darwin generalizes and provides a scientific basis for the idea that
warfare and the struggle for power is the father of all things, pater panton. Heraclitus added that warfare made some into kings, others into slaves. A friend of Darwin, Herbert Spencer, coined the terms "fit" and "unfit". Darwin's closest competitor, Alfred Russel Wallace, said evolution only applied to lower orders of life, not to man. Having much contemplated the issues, Darwin said Wallace was wrong and Spencer right. The struggle for existence explains also the evolution of mankind. The basic rule of it is Spencer's "survival of the fittest", that is, of Heraclitus's kings. The slaves, however, shouldn't complain. As Mandeville had suggested, the luxury living of the kings created more employment for the slaves. Kings and slaves had a common interest - they needed each other as members of the same body. In what could human "progress" consist? At least one modern observer has suggested that the essence of evolution is the growth of intelligence. Intelligence is not only the father of all technical inventions which give us a better material life. It is also what gets the "fit", the successful, to somewhat moderate their innate arrogance, and the poor and powerless, to somewhat dampen their innate envy. By using intelligence instead of de Maistres's executioner, society in this way would grow closer to that "organism" that Cournot had seen as extra fit in the struggle for survival among nations. Such a development in the direction of "one social body" must, however, be voluntary. It demands much intelligence and understanding both among the rulers and the masses. This was something that Karl Marx didn't like.


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