Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence: Abolition of private property.

NameKarl Marx
Life1818 - 1883
Karl Marx was, at the same time, the quintessential Amos and the quintessential Enlightenment philosopher. Like Amos 2600 years earlier, he complained bitterly over the injustices of capitalist sins. That luxury among the few could be beneficial for the many in an irrational world that he simply didn't accept. Like Voltaire and Rousseau, he believed in a rational solution to man's predicament. For him, this solution was the socialization of capital. Abolition of private ownership would abolish all forms of unjust slavery and bondage. Thus, proletarians, make your revolution! You have nothing to lose, but your chains! Talk about "the law of unintended consequences"! The intentions were good. The results were horribly inhuman. In his early years, Marx combined youthful, inexperienced lack of knowledge with a good portion of the self-righteousness of his Jewish rabbi background and Amos-like hate against the rich. This was justified by a strong belief in beautifully idealistic visions of an egalitarian future. This is part of the human condition. In each generation we find this type of hot, idealistic youngster. What is wrong with this attitude is not primarily the lack of knowledge of reality - that is an unavoidable condition of youth. Neither is it the beautiful dreaming. Without visions the world would be less cheerful. What is wrong is the hate. It is unnecessary. Charles Dickens, six years older than Marx, lived in the same unjust society. He wrote several warmly emphatic stories about debt prisons - in which his father was a client. One describes, for instance, how Sam Weller, Pickwick's servant, committed a fake crime in order to be able to serve his master inside prison. These tales are filled with a loving feeling for poor mankind, caught in conditions it
cannot cure but in which one has to live. What is further wrong with Marx is his surprisingly simplistic belief in one big cure, the abolition of private ownership. His belief that the development of technology and "the means of production" largely determine the human condition is not so far from the truth. Because money, capital, is surely the most important external instrument of all in man's struggle with man. It is the means with which you buy all other instruments, living as well as dead. To believe, however, that this struggle will end just because capital is shifting owners is, to say the least, unpardonably simplistic. Such competition, between Cain and Abel or between modern Superbrains such as the United States and the Soviet Union, (or the emerging European Union?), is laid out in our genes by a few hundred millions years of Darwinian evolution. To believe that public ownership of capital will stop this struggle, is utterly naive. Nonetheless, that part of socialist lore is still widespread. The unequal distribution of capital is surely a big problem, even today. The infinitely deeper problem, however, is to get some conscious control over that evolutionary inheritance which makes us fight each other with atomic and biological weapons that can annihilate all of us. A few meters above the quote from Marx here in the Capri Philosophical Park, behind the fence, you find an equally beautiful as dangerous abyss. Marx's envious, hateful and simplistic solution was a one-way street leading only to crushed heads at the bottom of it. Based upon the same reality, Dickens all-embracing patience and love was - and is - certainly a more realistic way to help us take a small step towards the realization of our beautiful, youthful dreams.


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