Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness ... and, at least and mildest, exploitation...

NameFriedrich Nietzsche
Life1844 - 1900
Nietzsche is the literary Darwin. Less than two percent of mankind has something like a college education. Of these few study difficult material, such as Darwin's theory. But when Nietzsche describes the same reality in words that go directly to the heart, many more digest them. We hate to see reality as it is. But we must. Because if we don't, it is even more likely that we will repeat its inhuman ugliness. Rulers have often punished messengers who carry undesired information. Darwin was much maligned by his contemporaries. Nietzsche is still used as a spittoon. Nietzsche forces us to go back to the old problem mentioned on page 00. Those who see him as expressing a normative desire for a nihilistic power game, without any restraints, condemn him as a forerunner, perhaps even a founder, of national socialism. Those who see him as having an unusually realistic analytical capacity admire his clairvoyant ability to foresee the approaching horrors of the coming century. Note carefully the last words in the quotation above, reminding us of Samuel Johnson: exploitation is the "least and mildest" of the ugly sides of reality. If mankind is unable to do away with the Darwinist struggle, isn't democratic capitalism the "mildest" form we know? Personally, I have no doubt that Darwin's and Nietzsche's analysis of reality is highly realistic. History can, as I have shown, be seen as a 10,000 year sequence of holocausts. Darwin saw deep in its animal origin, Nietzsche into its bestial human continuation. Personally, however, I also have no doubt that normatively the ideas of Giambattista Vico are superior. Man's predatory nature can be somewhat controlled with
the help of good institutions. Burial, that is, respect for life even after death, is necessary. Marriage, the loving cooperation between two individuals in educating the next generation of civilized young men and women, is equally so. And given man's low capacity for rational acting, these and other civil institutions must be backed up by religion. If curses don't work and cures don't cure, what do we do? Why not forget about eternal revenge and bet on human rights? Even if still weak, this is, indeed, a new trend. Two events in the year 2000 may be taken as symbols for a "milder" future to come. Nietzsche saw how nihilistic rulers had abused all nice ideas in history, even the religious ones. Now the Pope has asked forgiveness for all the cruelties in which the Church, for centuries, has been an active or a passive participant. Sometimes nice words are not enough. Harsher means must be applied. In early 2000, the United Nations War Crimes Tribunal sentenced a general to 45 years in prison for crimes against humanity. This is truly important! The Nuremberg sentences after the Second World War were based on retroactive law, which is bad. However understandable, the hanging of Eichman was an act of primitive revenge without end. But this new sentence is based upon valid international law. It tells generals the world over that crimes against the enacted human rights, committed by soldiers under their command , will be punished. Perhaps we can see these events as two swallows telling us that a new spring will come in human history. They give us some hope that Pericle's Athenian respect for the rule of law upon which Western civilization is built will be raised into a civic religion for a global community.


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