Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;

Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find, or which one does not find in the same form, in the rest of the universe.

sui generis Mankind has lived 4,110,000 years, we will assume, as a bipedal creature. One hundred thousand years ago, Homo sapiens started to emigrate out of Africa. Serious culture came with agriculture some 10,000 years ago. If we take the latest 10,000 years to be one millimeter, we left Africa at one centimeter, and rose on the hind legs forty centimeter ago. Now comes Durkheim who says that the latest millimeter is completely different from the first 41 centimeters. In that, from an evolutionary point of view, extremely short time period, he says a new organism has come to exist, different from all other species that has existed before. What might we call it, with a nice Linnean Latin name? Perhaps Organismus monotheisticus. To follow the advice from Delphi, to get to know ourselves, the scientific literature is full of relevant books and articles. Sociobiologists have deeply studied the social insects. Primatologists compare the big apes who are very close to us in their DNA-inheritance. Anthropologists try to draw conclusions from what we not long ago called "savages", and now, when we know there are no differences between us, discuss as "primitive tribes". If Durkheim is right, it is doubtful if all these highly popular studies are of any great help in understanding what has happened in the latest ten millennia and the present predicament of mankind. If so, we might need a new subject, concentrating upon this new organism. Let me suggest the name of "zoopolitology". It comes close to Aristotle's zoon politicon. "Zoo" is Greek not only for animals. It simply means "life" as well. "Polis" is still the city, now extended into nation and similar units. Zoopolitology would thus be the study of the living human society as a biological organism sui generis. Durkheim went too far in his desire to understand this new animal. He was a monotheist as far as sociology was concerned. His rule was that no biological explanation was ever to be admitted if a sociological was available. To understand sociological repetitions of similar behavior, however, for instance, violence and warfare, it is surely wise also to study biology. This is especially true now, when the Human Genome Project is showing us how almost all physical and mental aspects of man's life have a biological basis. What is more, as we pointed out in reference to Socrates above, there is in the physical sciences "no dissent from the proposition that the properties of large objects are consequences of the properties of the atoms of which they consist". The Organismus monotheisticus is surely formed of the atoms of small men and women. What is common to all higher organisms in evolution? That might be a good question to start with in understanding zoopolitology. The obvious answers are at least two: striving for reproductive success and the evolutionary struggle. What is specific for the new organism is that it has slowly transformed a biological well-known arms race between predators and ungulates, established since sixty million years ago, into an infinitely faster cultural arms race within its own species. Each cultural step can be explained with the help of sociology. But that these cultural steps have continued for ten millennia, similar to what has happened for sixty million years before, surely demands a biological explanation. Zoopolitology, wanting to understand the Organismus monotheisticus, must surely combine both biology and social studies. This is the next step to be taken in our Delphic striving to know ourselves.


Sitemap | Disclaimer
Design by ebson systems