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Preface
Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;
APPENDIX
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And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man. 

Akmatova's husband was shot for "anti-Soviet activities". Her son was jailed and sent away, probably to some hard slave labor camp in Siberia. But she did not know. With thousands of other women, Anna Akhmatova waited in a long line, day after day, outside of Ljublianka, the main Moscow prison, hoping to get some information about her disappeared son. One day, one of the other women waiting in the same line recognized the famous Russian poet and whispered to her: "Are you able to express our sorrow in ever-lasting words?" This is, she herself has written, the background to Anna Akhmatova's Requiem, a poem hard to read without tears. Every time some brutality becomes known, a spate of books and articles are written by authors and journalists who, sometimes, one suspects, want to exculpate their own good living and, possibly, their own potential guilt. But they are surprisingly unwilling to look at the horrible history of mankind. Who is a beast, who is a man? Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, our closest relative in history, disappeared some 30,000 years ago. Researchers now suspect that we killed them in a first-ever holocaust. Over the latest 10,000 years, tens of thousands of small societies have disappeared out of history. In the past century we have had Hitler's race holocaust of Jews and Gypsies, and Stalin's and Mao's class holocaust of four times as many fellow humans. Behind these dry figures is the sum of all individual suffering - of millions and millions of human beings, of men who have been tortured, of women who have been raped, of children who have been killed in front of their parents. What is behind all this inhuman behavior? Partly intoxicated by the Enlightenment belief in the ability of God-like planners to find "rational"
solutions to human problems, the leaders of Akhmatova's Russia, they said, wanted to create a "just" society. Lenin and Stalin never got the idea that they were but inflated bacteria, grown from a drop of water into human beasts. Neither did the many intellectuals in the West who condoned the brutalities. "You cannot make an omelet", they cynically said, "without breaking eggs". To realize their ideal, these communist gods created the greatest flow of individual suffering mankind has ever seen. There is a risk that the cries of the Pope in Israel in the year of the Jubilee, and of many others: "never again a holocaust", will prove to be vain unless we dig under the surface of actual brutalities and dare to ask the question of Akhmatova: "Who is a beast now, who is a man", or rather, "How much are we all beasts still, how much humans?" If Anna Akhmatova's poetry and her pertinent question on "who is what" can help us understand that even the behavior of Stalin and his likes is biologically based - an extreme of what we all have a bit - perhaps we will be able to control our innate nature - by intense cultural efforts, by individual education and collective legislation. Another famous female writer, Hanna Arendt, in following the process against Eichmann in Jerusalem, coined the concept of "the banality of evil". It is very valid! And we should, indeed, be able to control banalities!
 

 
 


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