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Preface
Know yourself!
God created Man in his own image,
Water is the element and this is the origin....
War is the father of all things.
He didn't' want to seem best,but to be so.
Seeing the high Gods by her beauty's lure
There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
...until political greatness and wisdom meet in one,
It follows that the state belongs to the class of objects
One's country is wherever one does well.
...that devil, envy did all the mischief,which the bad bear unto the good,
But if one should guide his life by true principles,
Give me chastity and continence, but not just now.
Ah God! Had I but studied in the days of my foolish youth.
If all evil were prevented, much good would be
Man was created by nature in such a way that reason might dominate the senses
...how we live is so far removed from how we ought to live,
...a kingdom is best entrusted to someone who is better endowed than the rest
In a state of nature we have....no arts, no letters, no society,
I think, therefore I am.
The only possible fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
He whose honor depends on the opinion of the mob
Legislation considers man as he is in order to turn him to good uses in human society. Out of
to "live in Ease, Without great Vices, is a vain
It is fortunate for men to be in a situation in which,
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness
All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.
How small - of all that human hearts endure - that part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Man is born free, and everywhere he is in fetters.
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner,
Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be built.
I offer you "...this picture of the human species, liberated from all chains, freed from the empire
...the age of chivalry is gone. -That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded;
And yet all grandeur, all power, all subordination rests on the executioner;
The principal object of the present essay is to examine the effects of one great cause.
But even as we contemplate history as this butcher-block,
One has attributed to history the task, to judge the past, and to instruct the present to the benefi
Human societies are at the same time organisms and mechanisms.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied;
Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life,
...the theory of the Communists may be summed up in a single sentence:Abolition of private property
Life is essentially appropriation, injury, overpowering of the weaker, suppression, hardness
Society is a reality sui generis; it has its own characteristics which one does not find,
The characteristic of the moment is that the mediocre mind,
...behold the bustling crowds that work and trade in order to make a living..."
And it's not clear to me Who is a beast now, who is a man.
Whereof one cannot speak,thereof one must be silent.
The Human Genome Project "is the grail of human genetics... the ultimate answer to the commandment,
History is a violent elimination game, minimizing A/P.
If there is one of you who has not sinned, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.
In short, there are three things that last, faith, hope and love;
APPENDIX
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Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent.

NameLudwig Wittgenstein
Life1889 - 1951
CountryAustria
CategoryIdealism
Wikipedia>>
This occult saying of one of the world's most cryptic philosophers in the 20th century can be understood in many ways. On a simple level it is a warning not to take sides in the, since Darwin ongoing conflict between religion and science. My park, for which this booklet is written, is essentially, however, a park for political philosophy. From that point of view, another and a more sinister interpretation of Wittgenstein's saying is possible. Some say that in reality societies are always ruled by an elite. Others that the masses are always content with bread and circus, which today is TV sex and violence. If so, perhaps the stability of our societies demands that the elite keep silent about the deepest political truths and help the masses forget about life's real problems, ever providing them with media infotainment and playful nonsense gadgets. Which "deep political truths and real problems"? Perhaps the leaders themselves don't really know what they are doing. Perhaps they are only grappling with the big problems - inequality, ethnic hate, inflation, unemployment, etc - by blind trial and error. But as the sheep demand good shepherds, our leaders must pretend to know and to "march with firm and sure steps on the road of truth, virtue and happiness...", as Condorcet hoped they would. A prominent Jewish-American political philosopher, Leo Strauss (1899-1973), has suggested that there are two types of knowledge. One is the exoteric one, through which the elite can manipulate the masses. The other is esoteric knowledge, which should be restricted
to the elite and used to calm the fears and qualms of the uproarious masses. Like orthodox priests behind the iconostatsis, our leaders, behind guarded silence, should pretend to have a hotline to supreme truth. Modern research shows that huge differences in intelligence exist in any society, global as well as local. Three out of onehundred individuals test above 130 on IQ-tests, 50 below 101 and some 17 below 85. The ruling elite, which rarely exceeds one in a thousand - the others up there are obedient and loyal climbers - are normally recruited from the first of the three groups. Their understanding of complicated problems is likely to be significantly higher than those who test below 85. These facts, which by IQ-experts are considered "objective", are however hateful to the many who want to be "equal" in every sense and who, in our democracies, are given formally equal weight in political affairs. We should not close our eyes to this dilemma in "the worst of all political systems, with the exception of all the others that have been tried", as the greatest defender of democracy, Winston Churchill, supposedly said. To do so would be to shut out an important problem in a world growing ever more complicated. Perhaps the survival of our societies depends upon the silence of the political elite about how they, with modern media persuasion, manipulate the masses in order to maintain some order in our atomic world. No serious politician can believe in democracy, but nothing is more important than that the masses do so! That is at least what some may think. Behind the veil of enlightened silence, however, corruption may grow. How to strike a balance between the ideal of "transparency" and manipulative silence is bound to become a serious problem for democracy in our atomic future.
 

 
 


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